Dušan the Mighty King of Serbia, Emperor of the Serbs and the Greeks” = PRESENT SLOBODAN SLOBODAN

 

 

 

THE SERBIAN ARMY

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Stefan Uroš IV
Dušan of Serbia
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   DE SLAG BIJ KOSOVO= SLOBODAN VON PIVA & IRIS DE VRIES = 28 JUNI 1389
 

firetrap zegt:

27-mei-2008 22:25

what is this map?

 

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YU ASK =
what is this map?

 

 

THIS MAP IS THE SERBIE WITH CAR DUSAN
MANI CORDIAAL GRETINGS 
 

 

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firetrap zegt:
29-mei-2008 6:23

what is Car Dusan and when the greek lands were slavic?

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CAR DUSAN IS =

 Dušan the Mighty King of Serbia, Emperor of the Serbs and the Greeks” =
 PRESENT SLOBODAN SLOBODAN

 

TCAR DUSAN

  DUSAN=180px-CarDusan

 

Reign

king (September 8, 1331April 16, 1346)
emperor (emperor) (April 16, 1346December 20, 1355).

Full name

Stefan Uroš IV Dušbagović

Born

c. 1308

Died

20 December 1355

Buried

St. Mark’s Church, Belgrade

Predecessor

Stefan of Dečani

Successor

Uroš the Weak

Consort

Helena of Bulgaria

Royal House

House of Nemanjić

Father

Stefan Uroš III Dečanski

Mother

Theodora of Bulgaria

 

 

Stefan Uroš IV Dušan Silni ("the Mighty") (Serbian: Стефан Урош IV Душан Силни, Greek: Στέφανος Ντουσάν, in English also Stephen Dushan) (c. 1308December 20, 1355) was king of Serbia (September 8, 1331April 16, 1346) and Tsar (emperor) of the Serbs and the Greeks (April 16, 1346December 20, 1355).

Perhaps the greatest of all Serbian leaders, Dušan, along with his son Stefan Uroš V, was one of only two true emperors of Serbia. Under his rule Serbia reached its territorial peak and, as the Serbian Empire was one of the larger states in Europe at the time. Apart from significant territorial gains, in 1349 and 1354 he made and enforced Dušan’s Code, a universal system of laws. He is also the only ruler from the house of Nemanjić who may not have been canonised as a saint soon after his death. Dušan was also noted as a man of gigantic proportions, and according to Papal ambassadors he was the tallest man of his time, estimated at close to seven feet tall.

His Crown is kept at the Cetinje Monastery in Montenegro.

 

  DUSAN=PROCLAMATION OF DUSHAN'S CODE OF LAW

Proclamation of Dushan’s Code of Law, Skopje, 1346

He was the eldest son of Stefan Uroš III Dečanski and Theodora of Bulgaria, the daughter of emperor Smilets of Bulgaria. Early in his life he visited Constantinople, where his father had been exiled, and he spent around seven years there (13141320). There he learned Greek, gained an understanding of Byzantine life and culture, and got a clear sense of the Byzantine Empire. He himself was more a soldier than a diplomat. In his youth he fought exceptionally in two battles; in 1329 he defeated the Bosnian ban Stjepan Kotromanić, and in 1330 the Bulgarian emperor Michael Asen III in the Battle of Velbužd.

 

 

Emperor Dušan’s Serbia
~ 1350 AD

In part because his father hadn’t significantly expanded Serbia after the Battle of Velbužd, he rebelled and overthrew him with the support of the nobility, crowning himself king on September 8, 1331. In 1332 he married Helena of Bulgaria, the sister of the new Bulgarian emperor Ivan Alexander, a woman of strong will, who had a large influence on him and bore him a son, Stefan Uroš V, and two daughters, who died young.

In the first years of his reign, Dušan started to fight against the Byzantine Empire (1334), and warfare continued with interruptions of various duration until his death in 1355. Twice he became involved in larger conflicts with the Hungarians, but these battles were mostly defensive. Both times he defeated the Hungarians. He was at peace with the Bulgarians, who even helped him on several occasions, and he is said to have visited Ivan Alexander at his capital. Dušan exploited the civil war in the Byzantine Empire between regent Anna of Savoy for the minor Emperor John V Palaiologos and his father’s general John Kantakouzenos. Dušan and Ivan Alexander picked opposite sides in the conflict but remained at peace with each other, taking advantage of the Byzantine civil war to secure gains for themselves. Dušan’s systematic offensive began in 1342 and in the end he conquered all Byzantine territories in the western Balkans as far as Kavala, except for the Peloponnesus and Thessaloniki, which he could not conquer because he had no fleet. There has been speculation that Dušan’s ultimate goal was no less than to conquer Constantinople and replace the declining Byzantine Empire with a Greco-Serbian Empire under his control.[1][2]

DUSAN= A COIN MNTED BY DUSAN IN 1346 

A coin minted by Dušan in 1346 on the occasion of his coronation. (Photo courtesy of the National Bank of Serbia [1])

After these successes he proclaimed himself in 1345 emperor in Serres and was solemnly crowned in Skopje on April 16, 1346 as "Emperor and autocrat of Serbs and Greeks" by the newly created Serbian Patriach Joanikie II with the help of the Bulgarian Patriarch Simeon and the Archbishop of Ohrid, Nicholas. He had previously raised the Serbian Orthodox Church from an autocephalous archbishopric to a patriarchate, and he took over sovereignty on Mt. Athos and the Greek archbishoprics under the rule of the Constantinople Patriarchate (The Ohrid Archbishopric remained autocephalous). For those acts he was anathematized by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople.

DUSAN= WEDING OF EMPEROR DUSAN 

Wedding of Emperor Dusan

Faced with Dušan’s aggression, the Byzantines sought allies in the Turks whom they brought into Europe for the first time. The first conflict between the Serbs and the Turks on Balkan soil, at Stefaniana in 1345, ended unfavourably for the Serbs. In 1348 Dušan conquered Thessaly and Epirus. Dušan eventually saw the danger posed by the Turkish presence in the Balkans and searched for ways to push them back but was interrupted by Hungarians, who attacked Serbia. He heavily defeated the Hungarians and their king Charles I of Hungary, who was wounded by an arrow. Dušan didn’t want to organize revenge attacks in Hungary, because he wanted Papal support for his fight against the Ottomans. After, he fought with the Hungarian protégé ban Stjepan II in Bosnia in 1350, wishing to regain formerly lost Zahumlje.

Dušan had grand intentions but they were all cut short by his premature death on December 20, 1355, possibly from poisoning by Hungarians who were alarmed at the expansion and rising power of Stefan’s Serbia. He was buried in his foundation, the Monastery of the Holy Archangels near Prizren. Today his remains are in the Church of Saint Mark in Belgrade. He was succeeded by his son Stefan Uroš V, who had been associated in power as king since 1346.

[edit] Military Tactics

 

   Military Tactics

Dusan’s military tactics consisted of wedge shaped heavy cavalry attacks with horse archers on the flanks. Many foreign mercenaries were in the Serbian army. Mostly Germans as cavalry and Spaniards as infantry. He also had personal mercenary guards, mainly German knights. A knight named Palman was the commander of this unit and was the leader of all German mercenaries.

Dušan was the most powerful medieval Serbian ruler and "perhaps the most powerful ruler in Europe" during the 14th century[3], and remains a symbol to many. His state was a rival to regional powers Byzantium, Bulgaria and Hungary, and encompassed great territory, but it is that same greatness that was his empire’s greatest weakness. Serbia was enlarged too quickly for new territorial gains to be incorporated into the original Serb regions. Dušan also conquered many purely Greek, Albanian and Bulgarian lands and their inhabitants, who already had a distinct national consciousness. By nature a soldier and a conqueror, Dušan did not make any systematic efforts to stabilize or administer his gains. Consequently, his empire could not survive his death, and began to dissolve soon after the loss of his forceful personality.

[edit] Family

By his first wife, Helena of Bulgaria, Stefan Uroš IV had two children:

[edit] See also

[edit] Footnotes

  1. ^ Donald M. Nicol, The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261-1453, page 121: "The resulting assimilation of Byzantine culture by the Serbians helped to fortify the ideal of a Slavo-Byzantine Empire, which came to dominate the mind of Milutin’s grandson, Stephen Dusan, later in the fourteenth century".
  2. ^ Radoman Stankovic, "The Code of Serbian Emperor Stephan Dushan", Serbian Culture of the 14th Century. Volume I: "Powerful Byzantium started to decline, and young Serbian King Stephan Dushan, Stephan of Dechani’s son, wanted, by getting crowned in 1331, to replace weakened Byzantium with the powerful Serbian-Greek Empire. […] By proclaiming himself emperor of the Serbs and Greeks, Dushan showed that he aspired to a legitimate rule over the subjects of the Byzantine Empire".
  3. ^ Steven Runciman, Byzantine Civilization. Cited in Radoman Stankovic, "The Code of Serbian Emperor Stephan Dushan", Serbian Culture of the 14th Century. Volume I

[edit] References

  • John V.A. Fine, Jr., The Late Medieval Balkans, Ann Arbor, 1987.
  • George C. Soulis, The Serbs and Byzantium during the reign of Emperor Stephen Dusan (1331-1355) and his successors, Athens, 1995. ISBN 0-88402-137-8

[edit] Further reading

[edit] Alexander Soloviev

MOOR INFO

http://sr.wikipedia.org/sr-el/%D0%A1%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%84%D0%B0%D0%BD_%D0%94%D1%83%D1%88%D0%B0%D0%BD

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Uro%C5%A1_IV_Du%C5%A1an_of_Serbia

 

 

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THE SERBAN ARMY NE ODGOVARAJU ZA SADRZAJ OBJAVLJENIH CLANAKA I KOMENTARA. MISLJENJA IZNESENA U CLANCIMA ILI KOMENTARIMA SU PRIVATNO MISLJENJE AUTORA CLANKA ILI KOMENTARA I MOZDA NE PRESTAVLJAJU STAVOVE REDAKCIJE THE SERBIAN ARMY..
 

SVI VASI KOMENTARI BICE OBJAVLJENI – THE SERBIAN ARMY NE PRIPADAJU BILO KOJOJ POLITICKOJ STRANCI – MI SE U SVEMU RAZLIKUJEMO OD PODREPASA, KOJI SU U SLUZBI ILI  ISTOCNE ILI ZAPADNE PETE KOLONE… I KOJI MORAJU PRETHODNO TRAZITI ODOBRENJE MOGU LI OBJAVITI VASE KOMENTARE…

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3 Responses to Dušan the Mighty King of Serbia, Emperor of the Serbs and the Greeks” = PRESENT SLOBODAN SLOBODAN

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